In the second half of the 17th century and also after 1700, dozens of objects recalling holy places arised in the Czech lands. Among such places which followed and were inspired by the Italian trend belonged for instance buildings representing the Holy grave, the Holy House of Loreto (Santa Casa di Loreto), Stations of the Cross, Holy Stairs (the Scala Sancta), Holy Mountain etc. These frequently monumental buildings yet sometimes only small columns of crucifixion are visual “representations”, “demonstrations” or “imitations” of a holy place or story.
Through the instruments of architecture almost a theatre-like scenery can be achieved while taking advantage of the surrounding landscape. Therefore, finding a suitable location in the nature was always of a great importance. An interesting morfology or picturesqueness of the landscape represented partly perfection of the work of God and, at the same time, played a big role in influencing the viewer’s mood, creating the asked pathos and being part of the architecture itself. Hilly terrain accented for example the gradation of the Stations of the Cross, the top of a hill stressed the importance of a sacred place and was a natural visual target which drew attention of pilgrims. The architects had to be, therefore, also very good urbanists, scenographers and dramaturgs.
The Sloup Rock fullfilled these above stated criteria concerning its location and its natural beauty without any doubt.